The cacao tree that produced cocoa beans is farmed in tropical Countries. After harvest, beans have to be processed that result to chocolate liquor where the remains are dried into powder. The steps in processing the beans are through soaking into alkaline low acid solution to taste them better. A cup of cocoa powder contains 12 grams of fats which are divided into 4 grams of mono-saturated fats and 7 grams of saturated fats.
These are the nutritional attributes of cocoa, in a cup of cocoa powder there can be 50 grams of carbohydrates and 17 grams of protein. A cocoa bean contains 50 % fat that composed of two saturated fatty acids. The saturated fatty acids are stearic and palmitic fatty acids and the other mono-saturated fatty acids are the oleic acids. The cholesterol level you will obtain when consuming fatty acids may not comes from cocoa at all. It comes from other ingredients or from other types of fats contain in the product you consumed. For example, the milk and low grade chocolates that contains cocoa will affect the level of fatty acids.
Cacao beans contain 50 grams of carbohydrates that are soluble dietary fibers, insoluble dietary fibers, and starch. Only a small amount of sugar is found in cocoa that Industrial companies of cocoa products has to add sugars during manufacture of cocoa products. It also contains antioxidant properties such as polyphenols, flavonoids, epicatechins, catechins, and procyandins. These antioxidants are commonly found in red wines which are very good to your health. The flavinoids which can be found in the non fat portions of cocoa beans can reduce the risks of heart attacks and stroke due to its clotting factor.
Theobromine which is water insoluble, white, crystalline vasodilator can be found in cocoa. It has functions of mild diuretic action and mild stimulant that increases production of your urine. Although it has health benefits such as vasodilator, myocardial stimulant, and a diuretic to humans, it is toxic to animals like cats, dogs, horses, and parrots. You can also found a low amount of caffeine in cocoa compared to coffees, cola, and tea. The phynylethylamine is also present which is a good stimulant and anti-depressive agent for your body’s dopamine and adrenaline.
Potassium in 1311 grams is found in a cup of cocoa that functions as your regulator of your blood pressure, sodium levels, and heartbeats. Other minerals that can be found are the calcium, magnesium, phosphorous that build bones, tissues, and nerves. Traces of vitamins found are the choline, lutein, and folates that maintain cell membranes, skin and visions, and your nervous systems. Cocoa is a good enhancer with its nutritional attributes to any products that gives you great flavors. That is the reason why nutritious cocoa is found in most of the products in the market.